Imperial Collage Healthcare

Oestradiol (E2)

Test Background
Oestradiol is produced by the growing follicles and corpus luteum during the menstrual cycle and by the placenta. Small amounts are produced by the testes and by adipose tissue. It is responsible for development of secondary sexual characteristics in females and also prepares the reproductive tract for conception and pregnancy. Measurement can be useful in amenorrhoea and precocious puberty and is often used for monitoring treatment in assisted reproductive therapy. It is rarely useful in diagnosis of the menopause but may be helpful if premature ovarian failure is suspected.

Clinical Indications

  • Suspected gonadal/hypothalamic/pituitary dysfunction and post-menopausal bleeding
  • Monitoring of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) implants
  • Monitoring patients receiving fertility treatment to mitigate risk of ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS)
Not recommended for monitoring oral HRT or for the diagnosis of menopause. In these situations FSH assay is recommended.

Reference Range

Male: 0-190 pmol/L
Female Early follicular: 200-500 pmol/L    
Pre-ovulatory peak: 500-1500 pmol/L    
Luteal: 250-1000 pmol/L    
Post-menopause: <100 pmol/L

Sample Required
Serum (red top)

Sample Volume
0.5 mL

Turnaround Time
1 day

Filter by A-Z

Select a test from the left to view more details.