Imperial Collage Healthcare


Test Background
Trace elements can be essential or toxic. Trace element toxicity can occur as a result of occupational exposure, environmental exposure or iatrogenic toxicity. Any organ can be affected: the central nervous system, liver, kidneys, muscles or circulatory system. All elements can be toxic in excess. Those most commonly associated with toxicity include: aluminium, lead, arsenic, cadmium, mercury and thallium.

Clinical Indications

  • Presentation of pneumonitis, kidney failure, pulmonary oedema, abdominal pain, diarrhoea and vomiting (acute – high concentrations)
  • Presentation of gingivitis and stomatitis with excessive salivation, headaches and CNS effects, such as tremor and personality changes (chronic – low dose/concentration)

Reference Range
See Report

Sample Required
Blood: EDTA (lavender top). Urine: random sample or 24 hour collection

Sample Volume
0.5 mL


Stable at 2-8oC.

Sample can be sent by first class post.

Turnaround Time
2 weeks

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