Imperial Collage Healthcare


Lab Code : BIS

Test Background
Trace elements can be essential or toxic. Trace element toxicity can occur as a result of occupational exposure, environmental exposure or iatrogenic toxicity. Any organ can be affected: the central nervous system, liver, kidneys, muscles or circulatory system. All elements can be toxic in excess. Those most commonly associated with toxicity include: aluminium, lead, arsenic, cadmium, mercury, thallium, barium, germanium, tellurium, tin, antimony, osmium, uranium.

Clinical Indications
Bismuth toxicity can occur as a result of iatrogenic toxicity for ulcers.

Reference Range
<1 nmol/L

Sample Required
EDTA (lavender top) or heparin (green top)

Sample Volume
0.5 mL

Turnaround Time
2 weeks

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