Imperial Collage Healthcare

Bismuth


Test Background
Trace elements can be essential or toxic. Trace element toxicity can occur as a result of occupational exposure, environmental exposure or iatrogenic toxicity. Any organ can be affected: the central nervous system, liver, kidneys, muscles or circulatory system. All elements can be toxic in excess. Those most commonly associated with toxicity include: aluminium, lead, arsenic, cadmium, mercury, thallium, barium, germanium, tellurium, tin, antimony, osmium, uranium.


Clinical Indications
Bismuth toxicity can occur as a result of iatrogenic toxicity for ulcers.


Reference Range

<1 nmol/L


Sample Required
EDTA (lavender top) or heparin (green top)


Sample Volume
0.5 mL


Turnaround Time
2 weeks


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