Test Background Trace elements can be essential or toxic. Trace element toxicity can occur as a result of occupational exposure, environmental exposure or iatrogenic toxicity. Any organ can be affected: the central nervous system, liver, kidneys, muscles or circulatory system. All elements can be toxic in excess. Those most commonly associated with toxicity include: aluminium, lead, arsenic, cadmium, mercury, thallium, barium, germanium, tellurium, tin, antimony, osmium, uranium.
Clinical Indications The effects of antimony toxicity are similar to those of arsenic. Potential effects of toxicity include cardiotoxicity and myocarditis. Unlike arsenic it may also present as Adam-Stokes syndrome. Other symptoms may include headaches, dizziness, depression, dermatitis, kidney/liver effects and vomiting.
Reference Range <0.4 nmol/L (blood and urine)
Sample Required Trace element free (royal blue top)